Can Rabbits Eat Butter Lettuce — Yes or No — Here’s Why

When it comes to your rabbit’s diet, it is essential to ensure you are feeding them the correct things. Rabbits have a fairly sensitive stomach, and there are many types of food that you will want to avoid feeding them completely.

Look specifically at lettuce, there are many different options to choose from. While some are potentially okay to feed a rabbit in small amounts, others should be avoided completely, as they will make a rabbit ill.

In this article, we will be focusing on butter lettuce in particular. We will be talking about what it is, and whether or not it is safe for your rabbit to eat. 

What is Butter Lettuce?

Butter lettuce is a loose-leaf lettuce that has soft leaves, and is darker in color in comparison to iceberg lettuce. The two  most popular types of butter lettuce are Bibb and Boston. 

When comparing this type of lettuce to others, it is better and more nutritious on the whole. This is because it is higher in minerals such as potassium, folate, and iron. It also has a good source of vitamin A.

Can Rabbits Eat Butter Lettuce?

As rabbits are herbivores, they do need to eat small amounts of fruit and vegetables. While 80% of their diet should be made up of hay, it is also important for them to have access to fruit and vegetables too. 

When it comes to different types of vegetables, many people assume that lettuce is okay to feed. However, lettuce is not the best choice when it comes to greens. This is because the majority of lettuce types do not have much nutritional value.

In addition to the lack of nutritional value, as the leaves have a high water content, this can be dangerous for a rabbit. Lettuce can potentially lead to bloat, which can be life-threatening. As a result of this, care should always be taken if you decide to feed your rabbit lettuce. 

However, butter lettuce is slightly different because it is a loose-leaf lettuce, and it is darker than the majority of other types. This means that it is safe for rabbits to eat in general. Even so, this should be done very cautiously. 

As a rabbit owner, lettuce should never be a type of green that you reach for first. There are far better options to feed to a rabbit, such as kale, cabbage, and broccoli. As a treat, you can choose to feed a rabbit butter lettuce, but this should be done in moderation. They should only consume a very small amount, on the odd occasion. It is not a type of food you will want to make a habit out of feeding your rabbit on. 

The Benefits Of Butter Lettuce

While you should only feed very small amounts of butter lettuce to a rabbit, there are some health benefits that this lettuce has. It features small amounts of folate, iron, and vitamin K that are good for rabbits.

In addition to this, butter lettuce contains vitamin A, which is also known as beta-carotene. This is something that does have many health benefits for a rabbit. Though, it is worth noting that other types of fruits and vegetables that are better for rabbits in general, will also contain this vitamin. 

Why Is Lettuce Potentially Dangerous To Feed Rabbits?

As we have already touched upon, depending on the type of lettuce, it can be dangerous to feed a rabbit. The main reason why it is dangerous is that it contains lactucarium. This is harmful to rabbits, and can be found in lighter colored lettuce, such as iceberg.

When this is consumed in large amounts, it is toxic. Given that lettuce has a higher water content and little nutritional value, this is also why it should typically be avoided. The lack of nutritional value can lead to digestive problems.

Some of the issues that are linked to feeding a rabbit lettuce include bloat and diarrhea. Bloat can quickly become a serious issue, especially if it leads to blockages. In addition to this, the digestive issues are not only uncomfortable for a rabbit, but diarrhea can cause their bodies to lose too much water, which can be deadly.

What Lettuce Is Suitable For Rabbits?

While the lighter colored lettuce is unsuitable for rabbits, lettuce such as romaine and butter lettuce are acceptable in small amounts, on an odd occasion. Green leaf, red leaf, and oak lettuce are also acceptable to feed occasionally.

These types of lettuce are not as high in their water content, and they hold more nutritional value. Some of the nutrients these types of lettuce contain include — manganese, vitamin B6, folate thiamine, and riboflavin. 

How Much Lettuce Should I Feed My Rabbit?

When looking at the lettuce that is suitable for rabbits to eat, this should only be fed in small amounts, on an odd occasion. We would recommend feeding the lettuce amongst other types of fruit and vegetables.

You will only want to feed a small amount, even a whole leaf is far too much. Instead, you will want to feed perhaps a quarter of a leaf at any one time. You can do this perhaps once or twice a month, but any more than this is not really recommended.

The amount you feed will also depend on the individual rabbit. If your rabbit is not used to eating lettuce, you will need to start with a tiny amount of lettuce to ensure that it does not cause any digestive problems.

In addition to this, if the rabbit is still young, and is not yet an adult, we would not recommend feeding it lettuce, as it is likely going to cause digestive issues. 


We hope that you have found this article useful. As you can see, it is possible to feed butter lettuce to a rabbit. However, extreme care should be taken, and it is not the most recommended food to feed.